Inspiration from a Story of a Blind Child Who Built a Bridge

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he story occurred when the famous Bao Zheng (999 – 1062 AD) was prime minister in the Northern Song Dynasty. There was an orphaned boy about ten years old in a certain village. He was handicapped, with broken legs, and lived a very poor beggar’s life. In front of the village was a river without a bridge. Villagers crossing the river needed to tread water, which was very inconvenient for them, and especially difficult for the elderly. The situation was worse when the water level was high and the river became impassible. Year after year, no one did anything to change the situation. But one day people found that the handicapped boy was piling up stones on the riverside. They asked him and he replied that he wanted to build a stone bridge so that villagers could cross the river more easily. People didn’t take him seriously. Many laughed at him, thinking him to be crazy. But months and years passed and the pile of stones had become a little hill. The villagers began to change their opinions and were moved by the child’s persistence. They began to join him to collect stones.

The villagers got builders to help build the bridge. The boy also did all he could to help and work with everyone. But before the bridge was completed, the boy was hit in the eyes by some pieces of rocks and went blind. People felt sorry and blamed heaven for letting such a poor child with such a good heart experience such a tragedy. But the boy did not complain, and kept coming to the construction site to quietly help with whatever he could. With everyone’s hard work, the bridge was finally completed. People celebrated joyfully and focused their attention on the poor boy who was handicapped and then rendered blind during the building of the bridge. The boy could not see anything, but the happiest smile of his life appeared on his face too.

An unexpected thunderstorm developed, as though it was to freshen up the bridge by washing the dirt and dust off of it. But after a deafening thunderclap, the people found that the boy had fallen to the ground. People were all shocked to find that the boy was struck and killed by the lightning. They wept for the boy, feeling heaven was being unfair.

It so happened that the Prime Minister Bao Zheng whom people affectionately called “Justice Bao,” came to the village on business at that time. The villagers all came in front of him and complained about the unfairness regarding the child. They asked him, “Why are good people not rewarded accordingly? How will people want to be good in the future?” Affected by the villagers’ emotions, the prime minister wrote a statement, “Thou shall do bad, rather than good” and left.

After going back to the capitol, Bao Zheng made a trip report to the emperor, but omitted the incident. Although he was very perplexed by the fact that the good boy encountered so much tragedy, he felt uneasy at having written the words he had. It so happened that the emperor wanted to see him in private because the emperor had just had a new son. The little prince was very lovely, but for some reason he would not stop crying all day. The emperor wanted Bao to take a look and see if he could figure out why. The boy had very fair and fine skin, but on his tender little hand, Bao saw a row of words. Looking closely, it turned out to be exactly what Bao had written while he was at the village. Bao blushed badly and rushed to rub the words off the prince’s hand. Strangely, the words immediately disappeared. The emperor was upset about the disappearance of the words and asked for an explanation. Bao went on his knees and explained to the emperor, and begged for forgiveness for his not having told him about the incident. The emperor felt the matter quite peculiar, and ordered Bao to make a trip to the world of ghosts to find out exactly what had happened.

Bao lay on the bed and rested his head on the “earth-and-hell pillow” and made a trip to the world of ghosts. It turned out that in a former life, the boy was a terrible villain and committed hideous crimes. It required three reincarnations to pay back what he had done. The Gods originally arranged to have his first life be an orphan and to live an impoverished and lonely life. In his second life he was to be completely blind. In the third life he was to be hit and killed by a bolt of lightning. The boy’s first life was poor and he was handicapped. But he decided to be a good person and always tried to help people. The Gods then decided to let him clear away his karma of the first two lives in his first life, so they let him go blind. But the child did not feel sorry for himself or complain. Rather, he still only thought of others all the time. The Gods then let him also clear away his karma of the third life in his first life. So they killed him with lightning. The king of hell asked Bao, “Isn’t it a good thing that one can clear away one’s karma of three lifetimes in one lifetime? Because he only did good deeds and always wanted to help other people, and was never concerned about himself, he accumulated a lot of virtue. That was why he reincarnated as a prince right after his death.”

修橋補路雙瞎眼故事的啟示

故事說的是,北宋年間包拯為相時發生在民間的一樁逸事。有一個村莊住著一個十來歲、腿患殘疾、父母雙亡的孩子,生活十分困苦,甚至靠鄉鄰施捨或乞討活命。這個村子的前面有一條河,往來村民和路人需涉水而過,特別是上了年紀的老人十分不便。每當河牀漲水時更是無法通行。但年復一年,誰也沒想改變它。人們能夠看到的就是這個孩子天天撿石頭,堆在河邊。人問其故,孩曰,要修一座石橋,為鄉鄰行走方便。眾人不以為然,認為孩子在說瘋話,大多哈哈一樂了之。可是日積月累,年復一年,石頭堆成了小山。鄉鄰開始改變認識,並為這個孩子的精神所感動,投入到了撿石、採石、修橋的行動中。

鄉鄰請來了工匠,開始建造石橋。這個殘疾孩子全身心投入其中。橋尚未建成,這孩子卻在一次鑿石頭中崩瞎了雙眼。人們痛惜、怨恨,怪老天不公。這麼可憐的一個孩子,一心為大家,卻招來這樣的報應。可是這個孩子毫無怨言,每天摸索著在修橋的現場上幹著力所能及的活。在大家齊心合力下橋終於修成了。眾人歡呼喜慶之餘,無不將憐惜、讚嘆的目光聚向那個孤苦伶仃的原本就一條腿殘疾,現在又瞎了雙眼的孩子。孩子雖然甚麼也看不到,但臉上露出了平生以來最歡樂的笑容。

一場不期而至的大雨似乎要為這座石橋洗去浮塵,壯壯行色。可是一聲震耳欲聾的巨雷過後,眾人發現孩子已被巨雷擊中,倒地身亡了。眾人驚呆了,隨後壓抑不住的情感噴瀉而出,嘆息孩子命苦,指責蒼天不公……

恰巧民間稱之為青天大老爺的包拯包相爺公幹至此。百姓紛紛攔住官轎為孩子鳴不平討公道。質問相爺:好人為何不得好報?今後好人何以做得?食人間煙火的包相爺被村民情緒所帶動,揮毫疾書,寫下了「寧行惡 勿行善」六個字後拂袖而去。

回到京城,老包將公幹之事連同路上見聞奏明皇上,卻隱去了自己題字一事。因為儘管心中為那孩子行善事得惡報之事十二分不解,但三思之後還是為題那樣六個字覺得不妥。沒想到皇上退朝後非要拉他到後宮說些私房話。原來前些天,皇上新添龍子,十分招人喜愛,可就是孩子整天啼哭,特意讓老包去看看。老包見那孩子肌膚如雪,嫩白的小手上有一行字。近前一看,正是自己寫的那六個字「寧行惡 勿行善」。臉一下子紅到了脖子根,趕忙伸手向字擦去。說來奇怪,字瞬間蹤跡全無。皇上見皇子手上的胎記被老包抹去(別人看那行字只是一個胎記),唯恐抹去了福根,不依不饒的斥責包拯。包拯連忙跪下,口稱罪臣該死,將題字一事的來龍去脈說了一遍。皇上甚覺蹊蹺,命老包用陰陽枕到地府一探究竟。

老包枕上陰陽枕到地府一遊,真相盡顯。原來那孩子上世做惡多端,罪業甚大。償還那一世罪惡需三世惡報才能還清。神原來安排,第一世以殘疾之身孤苦伶仃;第二世以雙眼瞎了卻殘生;第三世遭雷擊暴屍荒野。那孩子第一世轉生窮困殘疾,但痛改前非,只想為別人做好事。於是神就讓他一世還兩世的業。讓他崩瞎了雙眼。可孩子不怨天尤人,只是默默的為別人做好事。神就把他第三世的業力也拿過來一世還,所以雷擊斃命。閻王爺問包拯,三世惡業一世還,你說是好還是不好?一世還了三世業,因為他專行善事,心裡只是想到別人,毫不考慮自己,某些方面已達到「不修道已在道中」的境界,積德甚多,故而死後立即轉生為當今太子,享受天子福份。

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