A Story of Filial Piety


Zhang Xiaoji was a scholar of Xuchang in the Song Dynasty. When he grew up, a rich man in the village liked his talent and offered his daughter in marriage to Zhang. This rich man had only one son, who was spoiled and wandered around wasting money. One day, the rich man saw him do nothing useful all day and behavingvery badly. In anger, he drove his son out of the house and broke his father-son relationship with him.

Later, the rich man became seriously ill. Seeing that son-in-law Zhao Xiaoji was kind-hearted, the rich man gave all his property to Zhang before he died. Xiaoji buried his father-in-law like he was the man’s own son. He followed the father-in-law’s will and managed his family well.

After the rich boy was driven out of the house, he became a beggar in the village. Since he could not support himself, he had to beg for a living. One day, when he was begging, he happened to run into Zhang Xiaoji. He did not recognize Xiaoji, but Xiaoji recognized him. If it were a normal person, Xiaoji could have pretended not to know him and leave quietly But Xiaoji did not do that.

Seeing the rich man’s son was so desolate, he couldn’t bear it in his heart. He asked: “Can you take care of the garden?” The son of the rich man said, “If I can make a living by taking care of the garden, then it is good.” Xiaoji let him water the vegetables and take care of the garden. The rich man’s son did a good job. Gradually he was no longer poor and was able to support himself.

When Xiaoji saw the change, he was a little surprised. He asked the rich man’s son again, “Can you manage the warehouse?” The son said, “I am very lucky that you let me take care of the garden. Now you let me manage the warehouse, it would be great.」 So the son of this rich man took over the work of managing the warehouse, and he was very cautious in his work. He was very disciplined and did not have any faults.

After carefully observing for a period of time, Xiaoji knew that the rich man’s son had rehabilitated and no longer had the problems of eating, drinking, and playing. He returned his father-in-law his property to the son.

Although Xiaoji legally inherited his father-in-law’s property, when the father-in-law’s son was poor, Xiaoji wholeheartedly helped him to rehabilitate, so that he could inherit his father’s business. Xiaoji then returned all his father-in-law’s properties to him instead of keeping it to himself.

Translated by Sharon Koumans









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