A Management Model Based on Morality (Part 1)

0
272
Fotolia_
Confucius believed that, although people want to be rich and/or famous, benevolence and high moral standards are the guidelines to everything. Gentlemen would never overlook morality in their pursuit of fame or fortune. However, in modern society, some people believe that these ideals are obsolete.
Economic development is one of the main goals of nations and individuals. Many business models exist based on the experience and wisdom of those who are successful. Some stress innovation, ways to compete, utilizing a variety of channels, studying minute details, execution effectiveness, proper organization, speed of execution, etc. The purpose of these models is to quickly build wealth in the face of steep competition. In such environments, can people with high moral standards be successful? The answer is “yes.”
There are “four sages of management” in Japan. Kazuo Inamori, founder of the Kyocera Group and ex-CEO of Japan Airlines, is one of them. Inamori started from scratch and established two Fortune 500 companies—the Kyocera Group and the second largest telecommunications company in Japan, “KDDI.” For over 50 years since its founding, the Kyocera Group has never lost money, an astounding achievement.
When asked about the secret of his success, Inamori has an incredibly simple answer. He believes that the most important thing in life is to ask the fundamental question: “Why are we here?” His answer is: “We are here to improve our character and cultivate our soul. We want to be a morally better person than when we were born, and there is no other purpose. In order to understand why we are here, we need to seek a righteous path.” He believes that there is no difference between how to conduct ourselves in our daily lives and how to manage a business.
Inamori’s idea is rooted in the Eastern traditional culture, especially the Buddhist culture. His wisdom is based on the philosophical views of Confucianism, in particular to respect Heaven and love people, and Buddhism, including diligence, generosity and self-cultivation. He believes that building a business is done by man, which is why the manager’s character and moral standards are very important. If the manager does not have high moral standards, he cannot manage well. Hence, he must improve his character in order for his business to advance. Therefore, the secret to success is to improve one’s character.
Inamori was 27 when he founded the Kyocera Group. He did not have any experience at the time and did not know how to manage a company. He decided to follow his parents and teachers’ advice regarding the importance of honesty, humility, trust, gratitude, sincerity, tolerance, patience, integrity, justice, respect, being considerate, industrious, frugal, enduring hardship, not holding grudges or jealousy, remembering that a disadvantage may turn out to be an advantage, etc. These concepts are all basic moral standards. He finds answers to all problems based on whether they are right or wrong, good or evil. In short, his judgment is based entirely on his conscience. He maintained this baseline throughout his life and led his company to success by taking a righteous path.
The ancients believed that life, death, riches, and the social status one can reach depended on fate. The foundation of life is being just and moral. Acquired fortune is a measure of one’s moral conduct and virtue. The ability to accumulate riches is the result of being morally good. While acting in a just and morally correct manner cannot guarantee riches in this life, morally bad people do invite poverty and disaster into their lives.
根植于信仰的经营之道(上)
子曰:“富与贵,是人之所欲也,不以其道得之,不处也”。“君子去仁,恶乎成名?”孔子认为,财富虽然是人人都向往追求的,“仁”却是一切行为的准则,君子绝不会违背道德去追名逐利。然而在现代社会,坚守这样的理念被一些人认为迂腐过时了。尤其在当今的商品社会,经济成为国家和个人发展的主要目标之一,东西方都在积极探索成功者的经营智慧,各种经营理念层出不穷,创新、竞争、渠道、细节决定成败、提高执行力、学习型组织、快鱼吃慢鱼等等,众说纷纭,莫衷一是,目地都是叫人在激烈的竞争中如何快速的聚敛财富。在这样的环境中,重义轻利的做人原则,还能指引人获得成功吗?答案是肯定的。
在日本企业界,有一个“经营四圣”的说法,日本京瓷集团的稻盛和夫是其中之一。稻盛和夫白手起家创建了两家名列世界500强的企业──京瓷集团和日本第二大电信公司“KDDI”,其中京瓷集团自创立50年来从没有出现过亏损,堪称日企的奇迹。
但是如果有人问及稻盛和夫的成功之道,但他的回答却简单到令人难以置信的地步。 稻盛和夫认为人生最重要的事是问自己一个最根本的问题:这一生所为何来?他的答案是:“在于提升心性,修炼灵魂。是为了做一个比降临人世之初更好的人而来。”稻盛和夫深信人类生存的目的除此之外再无其它。他表示,了解了这一生所为何来,让他懂得去追求正道。经营之道与人生之道并无不同。
稻盛和夫的经营之道深植于东方传统文化特别是佛教文化,而孔子的敬天爱人、以人为本和佛家的精进、布施、内修思想都成为他智慧的源泉。他认为,经营首先是由人来经营的,因此经营者的人性、人格至关重要。经营者必须要有高尚品德,如果没有高尚品德,他就不可能展开很好的经营。经营者要有高尚的品德,就要提高自己的心性,心性提高,他的经营才能有所拓展。因此经营的秘诀就是提高人性。
稻盛和夫27岁时创办京都陶瓷,没有经验,茫然不知该如何经营一家公司。困惑到了极点的他,最后决定就凭他从小听父母和老师讲到的诚实、谦虚、信任、感恩、真诚、宽容、忍让、正直、正义、敬天、为人著想、勤勉、节俭、有余、有耐心、能吃苦、无怨无妒、吃亏就是占便宜等这些简单的伦理道德规范,所有的问题用做人什么是对的,什么是错的,什么是善的,什么是恶的来区分,就一句话,就是把人的良知作为判断基准,终身坚守这一底线,无惑地走在正确的方向,并且把公司带向了成功之路。
在古人的观念中,生死有命,富贵在天。信守道义是做人做事的根本,财富多少是自己德行积累的结果,富贵与否是果,德行是因,有因才有果。所以遵循人道才有仁义,有仁义才有功德,有功德才有富贵。高尚的道德不能保证现世的大富大贵,违背道德却会带来最终的灾祸贫贱。

Facebook Comments